Kiwi Reactions to the Synod

I was very interested to read in the current NZ Catholic a variety of views on the Synod on the Family. On page 8 the editors had asked several New Zealanders for their thoughts. I've summarised them below for you…

Steve, a Non-Catholic Christian: has always admired Catholicism's strong, moral teachings and feels the synod put this in grave danger. Feels that valuing and accepting, for example, homosexuality, would be the same as approving of it. Believes that the attitude of some Bishops is ostracising those who have always remained staunchly faithful to what the Church teaches. Hopes that the "clear moral teaching of the Catechism is not revised".

Agnes, parishioner from Avondale: wants the Church to be more open and thinks what the Pope is doing is "excellent". "Times are changing and we should not be so judgemental".

Another parishioner from the Avondale parish: is from a Pasifika culture and is encouraged that the Church is discussing gay issues. Homosexulaity has always been accepted in her culture.

Richard, member of National Catholic Maori Council of NZ: believes the Synod reflected Maori values well in the way it was conducted – reflects the Maori process to "listen, listen, but we see it as all compassionate".  Feels it has garnered a lot of positive press for the Catholic Church. Was touched by the discussion about whanau and that "Pope Francis recognises families are made up of all sorts of different people, and that we need to include all different members of family."

Dorothy, mother, grandmother and writer from Auckland: compared Bishops meeting to discuss family, to lay people meeting to discuss limiting the power of Bishops – believes that Bishops and priests are only "observers" when it comes to family life and so are not truly qualified to make Church decisions about family. Was surprised by how well the Bishops did and encouraged by the way Pope Francis ran things with total transparency and allowing all to speak up and have their say. Believes most remarried and gay Catholics are ignoring the communion ban anyway. Feels annulments are important but should be simplified. Thinks "laypeople, married couples, single parents, the widowed, gay parents and other "family" groups – those involved in raising children – could also be invited to have more input , and dare I say it, voting rights, in the final documents."

Bill and Jenny, Catholic couple married for 43 years: encouraged by the openess of the Synod. Think these issues need careful and considered debate and that it will be difficult for Pope Francis to find a consensus – especially considering the hugely diverse cultural mix of the Catholic Church. Believe that "with the guidance of the Holy Spirit and the willingness of the Church to embrace and debate these issues, there is hope that the Catholic Church can find a way to embrace those from all walks of life who seek to walk in the Light of Christ."

Interesting right? And how clever is our Pope that in his closing address he warned against "hostile inflexibility" and "destructive do-goodness". 

Out of all the commenters I'm perhaps most closely aligned with Bill and Jenny. They are right that we need to remember that the Holy Spirit is our guide in all of this. And that it is certainly not an easy thing to do – to unite a Church globally where cultural differences alone are vast before we even think about socio-economic differences, gender etc. But I'm hopeful because at least the conversation has been started. It's got people talking and thinking and questioning and I think that's a great thing. 


Three things have happened this week that have got me thinking about the afterlife. 

Firstly I started reading the new Jodi Picoult book, Leaving Time. It's about a girl whos mother is missing and she has hired a Private Investigator and a psychic to try and find her. The psychic explains that there are two types of spirits in the world. Those who have already crossed over to another place and those who still have some things to work out and haven't quite crossed over yet and, in the story, these are the ones she "contacts". Sounds like the same story most psychics tell.

Then today, by complete coincidence, I happened to be at another school's liturgy which was about All Saints Day (coming up this Saturday). The teacher taking the liturgy explained to the children that there are three kinds of saints – Triumphant Saints (already in heaven with God), Penitant Saints (in purgartory) and Militant Saints (us here on earth). I'm sure you can see the similiarities between what the psychic in the story believes and what we believe as Catholics. With some glaring differences of course. But it made me wonder if this new age way of thinking was actually drawn from our beliefs – was it inspired by the ideas of purgatory and heaven?

Of course the most glaring difference between what psychics believe and what we believe is that psychics believe that not only can we talk to the dead but they they can communicate back to us. They believe in ghosts – spirits trapped on earth. I was talking to my brother about all of this a while ago when we saw a psychic on TV. Being a Pentecostal Christian, he was very clear about what he believes – that anything to do with new age, psychics, spirits, magic etc. is not only bad but actually very dangerous. I asked him how he explained some of the information psychics come out with and he said that he's sure they believe they are talking to their client's loved ones, but how do they know that it's not demons? Scary thought.

The thrid thing that's got me thinking about all of this is Halloween – coming up this week. It's interesting that some churches hold alternate events because of the dark nature of Halloween. If I'm not mistaken though, it was actually a Catholic feast to begin with. Another cross over between new-agers and us.

What exactly does the Catholic Church teach about all of this? Ghosts, spirits, Halloween, psychics? I've certainly never heard a priest preach about it (although I have heard a great sermon on the evils of horoscopes – not in NZ though). I also don't recall any bible stories about this kind of thing – was the idea of ghosts even around back in Jesus' day?

I'll be really interested to hear what you all know and think on this subject.


A moving experience

On Sunday I was privileged to attend the ordination of one of our Seminarians, Danny Fraser-Jones, to the order of Deacons. I had expected all of the rich ceremony and tradition and symbolism but I was totally unprepared for how moving the whole thing was. Four things really moved me.

Firstly, seeing Danny for the first time, walking down the aisle to the song 'Here I Am Lord' with a big smile on his face. He was just radiating joy and pride. I guess when you think that this is the culmination of five years study and the first big step to realising his dreams and ambitions to be a priest it's not surprising he was so full of happiness. Anyone looking at him could have no doubt that this is his calling and that he is happy to be fulfilling it.

Secondly, seeing our elderly Bishop passing his words of wisdom to Danny during his sermon. I know Bishop Denis has his detractors and there are those who dislike his way of doing things, but there was something very moving about seeing a man at the very end of his time of service, a man who must have said thousands of Masses, baptised hundreds of children and served thousands of parishioners ordaining a man who is just at the very beginning of all of that. Quite remarkable really.

The third thing that really moved me – and this is when I was moved to actual tears, was seeing Danny's parents dress him in his deacon's vestments. They put the stole over his shoulder and then lifted the vestments over his head and his mum tidied up the collar and hugged him. It was a poignant reminder that priests come from families who nourish their children's faith and that he will be moving away from his own family into the family of priests. It was a very touching moment.

The last thing that I found really special was when Danny was welcomed with a hug by each of the Deacons in turn. You could see in their faces how happy they were to welcome their new brother.

The whole ceremony was beautiful. I had never attended an ordination before and I found it so interesting listening to Danny's vow of celibacy and his vow of obediance to the Bishop. Really very inspirational because the words of the ceremony really focused on the idea that Danny was being called to serve, not to be served. It wasn't so much bestowing Danny with some kind of "superpowers", it was girding him for a life of service to others. A remarkable thing for someone to commit themselves too.

We were very lucky to have Danny on placement in our parish last year. He is going to make an extraordinary priest. He has the gift of being a very holy man who is also just "one of us" with a down-to-earth attitude and a sense of humour. Which as a friend mentioned to me on Sunday, shows us all that we can aspire to be holy too. I look forward to attending his ordination to priesthood in the future.

Poverty in NZ

This week's post looks away from the Synod, and the inner workings and debates of Church life, to a wider societal issue here in our own nation. There is a seperate post below this one created to continue the Synod debate.

Increasingly articles are being published outlining instances of poverty in New Zealand. These articles generally highlight a family or individual who is "doing it tough" and the feedback/ comments are generally along the lines of "how can this be allowed to happen in our country" etc etc. By my reckoning we started seeing more of these stories appearing post- Christchurch earthquake, and now we seem to be getting them all the time. Certainly I noticed more of these features pre-election which I found uncomfortable – people down on their luck being used as political pawns. 

The issue of poverty is one which should be (and is) of concern to all who call themselves Christians. Last Sunday was Missionary Sunday, and for all the talk of aid and support we give other nations and peoples, it really made me think about what we do for those closer to home. I know there are lots of Catholic agencies and initiatives, many of whom do great work with no media profile or recognition. So this post isn't really about assessing the Church's response to poverty. It is more an opportunity to reflect on two recent news stories which for different reasons I have found challenging.

The first was an article on Wellington's mayor sleeping rough overnight:

Wellington Mayor Celia Wade-Brown gave up a basic human right everyone should have – a roof over their head – last night. Instead of being tucked up snug in bed, the mayor and 10 council staff slept in cardboard boxes, on couches and in cars. The sleep-in was to raise awareness and funds for the homeless for World Homeless Day in the Salvation Army's team-based 14 Hours homeless event. While the capital's homeless community was small, they were some of the city's most vulnerable, Wade-Brown said. Every person should have a roof over their head. That's why I'm dossing down for the night to support this fundraiser."

Now, I commend the Mayor for doing something to draw attention to the issue of homelessness. I know in the past Auckland celebs have done similar sleepout type things. I just wonder what the lasting effect of these initiatives is. Does it make any tangible difference apart from "raising awareness?" Or am I just being too cynical?

Secondly, we have gang members feeding school children in Ngaruawahia –

Now on one hand, one man's bread is as good as the next, and it is great to see a social institution such as gangs doing something positive for their community. And for them to have performed this service for 2 1/2 years before getting any media attention, you have to say well done to them for the initiative they've taken and their perseverence to make a positive different in their community.

But without taking anything away from the Tribal Huks, it doesn't sit right, does it? Isn't there something fundamentally wrong about relying on gangs to feed our school kids? I know other organisations who with some funding could expand what they already do to provide the same services as this gang are, but they can't get that governmental support. It seems like our priorities are all wrong when we can pay millions for yacht races, to underwrite movie shoots or to win seats on security councils…but ahead of feeding our own kids? Something is wrong with our priorities there…


Synod Chat

I've set this post up so that people can continue to discuss the Synod, as previous threads may close soon.

Pope Francis's closing address to the Synod is copied below. Discuss away in the comments section!

Dear Eminences, Beatitudes, Excellencies, Brothers and Sisters,

With a heart full of appreciation and gratitude I want to thank, along with you, the Lord who has accompanied and guided us in the past days, with the light of the Holy Spirit.

From the heart I thank Cardinal Lorenzo Baldisseri, Secretary General of the Synod, Bishop Fabio Fabene, under-secretary, and with them I thank the Relators, Cardinal Peter Erdo, who has worked so much in these days of family mourning, and the Special Secretary Bishop Bruno Forte, the three President delegates, the transcribers, the consultors, the translators and the unknown workers, all those who have worked with true fidelity and total dedication behind the scenes and without rest. Thank you so much from the heart.

I thank all of you as well, dear Synod fathers, Fraternal Delegates, Auditors, and Assessors, for your active and fruitful participation. I will keep you in prayer asking the Lord to reward you with the abundance of His gifts of grace!

I can happily say that – with a spirit of collegiality and of synodality – we have truly lived the experience of “Synod,” a path of solidarity, a “journey together.”

And it has been “a journey” – and like every journey there were moments of running fast, as if wanting to conquer time and reach the goal as soon as possible; other moments of fatigue, as if wanting to say “enough”; other moments of enthusiasm and ardour. There were moments of profound consolation listening to the testimony of true pastors, who wisely carry in their hearts the joys and the tears of their faithful people. Moments of consolation and grace and comfort hearing the testimonies of the families who have participated in the Synod and have shared with us the beauty and the joy of their married life. A journey where the stronger feel compelled to help the less strong, where the more experienced are led to serve others, even through confrontations. And since it is a journey of human beings, with the consolations there were also moments of desolation, of tensions and temptations, of which a few possibilities could be mentioned:

 - One, a temptation to hostile inflexibility, that is, wanting to close oneself within the written word, (the letter) and not allowing oneself to be surprised by God, by the God of surprises, (the spirit); within the law, within the certitude of what we know and not of what we still need to learn and to achieve. From the time of Christ, it is the temptation of the zealous, of the scrupulous, of the solicitous and of the so-called – today – “traditionalists” and also of the intellectuals.

 - The temptation to a destructive tendency to goodness [it. buonismo], that in the name of a deceptive mercy binds the wounds without first curing them and treating them; that treats the symptoms and not the causes and the roots. It is the temptation of the “do-gooders,” of the fearful, and also of the so-called “progressives and liberals.”

 - The temptation to transform stones into bread to break the long, heavy, and painful fast (cf. Lk 4:1-4); and also to transform the bread into a stone and cast it against the sinners, the weak, and the sick (cf Jn 8:7), that is, to transform it into unbearable burdens (Lk 11:46).

 - The temptation to come down off the Cross, to please the people, and not stay there, in order to fulfil the will of the Father; to bow down to a worldly spirit instead of purifying it and bending it to the Spirit of God.

 - The temptation to neglect the “depositum fidei” [the deposit of faith], not thinking of themselves as guardians but as owners or masters [of it]; or, on the other hand, the temptation to neglect reality, making use of meticulous language and a language of smoothing to say so many things and to say nothing! They call them “byzantinisms,” I think, these things…

Dear brothers and sisters, the temptations must not frighten or disconcert us, or even discourage us, because no disciple is greater than his master; so if Jesus Himself was tempted – and even called Beelzebul (cf. Mt 12:24) – His disciples should not expect better treatment.

Personally I would be very worried and saddened if it were not for these temptations and these animated discussions; this movement of the spirits, as St Ignatius called it (Spiritual Exercises, 6), if all were in a state of agreement, or silent in a false and quietist peace. Instead, I have seen and I have heard – with joy and appreciation – speeches and interventions full of faith, of pastoral and doctrinal zeal, of wisdom, of frankness and of courage: and of parresia. And I have felt that what was set before our eyes was the good of the Church, of families, and the “supreme law,” the “good of souls” (cf. Can. 1752). And this always – we have said it here, in the Hall – without ever putting into question the fundamental truths of the Sacrament of marriage: the indissolubility, the unity, the faithfulness, the fruitfulness, that openness to life (cf. Cann. 1055, 1056; and Gaudium et spes, 48).

And this is the Church, the vineyard of the Lord, the fertile Mother and the caring Teacher, who is not afraid to roll up her sleeves to pour oil and wine on people’s wound; who doesn’t see humanity as a house of glass to judge or categorize people. This is the Church, One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic and composed of sinners, needful of God’s mercy. This is the Church, the true bride of Christ, who seeks to be faithful to her spouse and to her doctrine. It is the Church that is not afraid to eat and drink with prostitutes and publicans. The Church that has the doors wide open to receive the needy, the penitent, and not only the just or those who believe they are perfect! The Church that is not ashamed of the fallen brother and pretends not to see him, but on the contrary feels involved and almost obliged to lift him up and to encourage him to take up the journey again and accompany him toward a definitive encounter with her Spouse, in the heavenly Jerusalem.

The is the Church, our Mother! And when the Church, in the variety of her charisms, expresses herself in communion, she cannot err: it is the beauty and the strength of the sensus fidei, of that supernatural sense of the faith which is bestowed by the Holy Spirit so that, together, we can all enter into the heart of the Gospel and learn to follow Jesus in our life. And this should never be seen as a source of confusion and discord.

Many commentators, or people who talk, have imagined that they see a disputatious Church where one part is against the other, doubting even the Holy Spirit, the true promoter and guarantor of the unity and harmony of the Church – the Holy Spirit who throughout history has always guided the barque, through her Ministers, even when the sea was rough and choppy, and the ministers unfaithful and sinners.

And, as I have dared to tell you , [as] I told you from the beginning of the Synod, it was necessary to live through all this with tranquillity, and with interior peace, so that the Synod would take place cum Petro and sub Petro (with Peter and under Peter), and the presence of the Pope is the guarantee of it all.

We will speak a little bit about the Pope, now, in relation to the Bishops [laughing]. So, the duty of the Pope is that of guaranteeing the unity of the Church; it is that of reminding the faithful of  their duty to faithfully follow the Gospel of Christ; it is that of reminding the pastors that their first duty is to nourish the flock – to nourish the flock – that the Lord has entrusted to them, and to seek to welcome – with fatherly care and mercy, and without false fears – the lost sheep. I made a mistake here. I said welcome: [rather] to go out and find them.

His duty is to remind everyone that authority in the Church is a service, as Pope Benedict XVI clearly explained, with words I cite verbatim: “The Church is called and commits herself to exercise this kind of authority which is service and exercises it not in her own name, but in the name of Jesus Christ… through the Pastors of the Church, in fact: it is he who guides, protects and corrects them, because he loves them deeply. But the Lord Jesus, the supreme Shepherd of our souls, has willed that the Apostolic College, today the Bishops, in communion with the Successor of Peter… to participate in his mission of taking care of God's People, of educating them in the faith and of guiding, inspiring and sustaining the Christian community, or, as the Council puts it, ‘to see to it… that each member of the faithful shall be led in the Holy Spirit to the full development of his own vocation in accordance with Gospel preaching, and to sincere and active charity’ and to exercise that liberty with which Christ has set us free (cf. Presbyterorum Ordinis, 6)… and it is through us,” Pope Benedict continues, “that the Lord reaches souls, instructs, guards and guides them. St Augustine, in his Commentary on the Gospel of St John, says: ‘let it therefore be a commitment of love to feed the flock of the Lord’ (cf. 123, 5); this is the supreme rule of conduct for the ministers of God, an unconditional love, like that of the Good Shepherd, full of joy, given to all, attentive to those close to us and solicitous for those who are distant (cf. St Augustine, Discourse 340, 1; Discourse 46, 15), gentle towards the weakest, the little ones, the simple, the sinners, to manifest the infinite mercy of God with the reassuring words of hope (cf. ibid., Epistle, 95, 1).”

So, the Church is Christ’s – she is His bride – and all the bishops, in communion with the Successor of Peter, have the task and the duty of guarding her and serving her, not as masters but as servants. The Pope, in this context, is not the supreme lord but rather the supreme servant – the “servant of the servants of God”; the guarantor of the obedience and the conformity of the Church to the will of God, to the Gospel of Christ, and to the Tradition of the Church, putting aside every personal whim, despite being – by the will of Christ Himself – the “supreme Pastor and Teacher of all the faithful” (Can. 749) and despite enjoying “supreme, full, immediate, and universal ordinary power in the Church” (cf. Cann. 331-334).

Dear brothers and sisters, now we still have one year to mature, with true spiritual discernment, the proposed ideas and to find concrete solutions to so many difficulties and innumerable challenges that families must confront; to give answers to the many discouragements that surround and suffocate families.

One year to work on the “Synodal Relatio” which is the faithful and clear summary of everything that has been said and discussed in this hall and in the small groups. It is presented to the Episcopal Conferences as “lineamenta” [guidelines].

May the Lord accompany us, and guide us in this journey for the glory of His Name, with the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary and of Saint Joseph. And please, do not forget to pray for me! Thank you!

[The hymn Te Deum was sung, and Benediction given.]

Thank you, and rest well, eh?


Love it or hate it, at least the Synod on the Family is getting us talking – which is always healthy. It's great to think about what the Church teaches, why they teach it, how it fits in with scripture and Church Tradition and how it fits in with our own upbringing, core beliefs and experiences.

Personally I'd be quite open to seeing some changes come out of the Synod. I've probably told this story before but I have a friend who was in a very abusive marriage and was unable to get an annulment. She stayed in her marriage (mostly out of fear) until her husband started harming the children. She then quietly saved up enough money until she was able to buy a car, which she hid at a friend's house and then one day while her husband was at work she snuck away with her children and moved away where he couldn't find them. She didnt even tell her family where she was going. 

After 10 years she finally felt safe enough to contact family again and eventually she met another man. A very kind and gentle man who seemed a God-given gift. It was at about this time that I met her and I asked her if she and her partner were going to get married. She cried when she told me that she couldn't get an annulment and so she felt that she couldn't get married because this would mean she would no longer be able to receive Eucharist. Apparently abuse is not grounds for annulment and her ex-husband was not willing to be part of the annulment process at all so she was told this made it impossible to proceed. I don't know enough about the process to know if this is all true, but certainly this was her experience. 

So, I can understand why this issue is something a lot of people feel hurt about and I think it is a good think that the Synod are discussing this. 

What are your thoughts on the Synod? Do you think it's a waste of time? One man's push for something no one else wants? Catering to populist thoughts and demands? Are you hoping changes will come from it? Is it timely considering the massive rate of change in society? 

“Pastoral Earthquake”


A document summing up the synod so far has been described as a “pastoral earthquake” by a leading Vatican commentator.

The document, called the relatio post disceptationem, was read aloud in the synod hall this morning. It has been drafted by synod fathers selected by Pope Francis and can be read in full here.

The document calls on the Church to build on the “positive aspects” of relationships that are deemed irregular – such as between remarried couples or same-sex partners – and keep the “doors always wide open” to people in those relationships.

The relatio says that the Church reaching out to divorced Catholics does not represent a “weakening of its faith” but an exercise of charity.

The document cites calls by many synod participants to speed up the annulment process.

Regarding people who are gay, the document says: “Homosexuals have gifts and qualities to offer to the Christian community. Are we capable of welcoming these people, guaranteeing to them a fraternal space in our communities? Often they wish to encounter a church that offers them a welcoming home. Are our communities capable of providing that, accepting and valuing their sexual orientation, without compromising Catholic doctrine on the family and matrimony?

“Without denying the moral problems connected to homosexual unions, it has to be noted that there are cases in which mutual aid to the point of sacrifice constitutes a precious support in the life of the partners.”

The document also emphasises the “principle of graduality”, the idea that Catholics move towards full acceptance of Church teaching in steps, and that the Church needs to accompany them with patience and understanding.

It speaks of “accepting the reality of civil marriage and also cohabitation”, noting that such unions can reach “a notable level of stability through a public bond” and be “characterised by deep affection, responsibility with regard to offspring, and capacity to withstand tests”.

It says: “Realising the need, therefore, for spiritual discernment with regard to cohabitation, civil marriages and divorced and remarried persons, it is the task of the Church to recognise those seeds of the Word that have spread beyond its visible and sacramental boundaries. Following the expansive gaze of Christ, whose light illuminates every man, the Church turns respectfully to those who participate in her life in an incomplete and imperfect way, appreciating the positive values they contain rather than their limitations and shortcomings.”

The document stresses the need for a positive approach, saying that “in such unions it is possible to grasp authentic family values or at least the wish for them. Pastoral accompaniment should always start from these positive aspects.”

On the question of Communion for the divorced and remaried, the document has left the question open for further theological study. It says that some participants at the synod were opposed to the admission of the remarried to Communion, while others saw it as a possibility, perhaps after a “penitential path” undertaken under Church guidance.

The document says that “the situation of the divorced who have remarried demands a careful discernment and an accompaniment full of respect, avoiding any language or behaviour that might make them feel discriminated against. For the Christian community looking after them is not a weakening of its faith and its testimony to the indissolubility of marriage, but rather it expresses precisely its charity in its caring.”

The document also refers to the Second Vatican Council. which affirmed that “although many elements of sanctification and of truth are found outside of its visible structure … these elements, as gifts belonging to the Church of Christ, are forces impelling toward Catholic unity”.

The text describes itself as a tool that is meant to be used in preparing for the bigger family synod in October 2015.

“The reflections put forward, the fruit of the synodal dialogue that took place in great freedom and a spirit of reciprocal listening, are intended to raise questions and indicate perspectives that will have to be matured and made clearer by the reflection of the local Churches in the year that separates us from the Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of bishops planned for October 2015,” it says.

“These are not decisions that have been made nor simply points of view.”

Joshua McElwee, Vatican correspondent for the National Catholic Reporter, said that the synod’s interim document has “a decidedly different tone” from many Church statements in recent years.

It calls for the Church “to listen more, to respect people in their various struggles, and to apply mercy much more widely”, he said, adding that “the document acknowledges bluntly that the strict application of Church doctrine is no longer enough to support people in their quest for God”.

He said that the document “also appears to reflect a move among the prelates from legal exactness in adherence to Church teaching to gradualism, a theological notion that people can grow in their holiness or in their adherence to Church teaching over time”.

Austen Ivereigh wrote that the interim report “masterfully holds in balance the various issues in contention while resolutely breaking new ground in the Church’s approach to those who do not live up to its teachings”.

He went on: “While containing no great surprises — most of its ideas had already emerged in the course of the synod — the most newsworthy element may be its synthesis of opposed views, which is designed to enable the Church to discern answers to difficult questions over the next year, and its call for a new missionary approach to marriage and family.”

But he says: “The real ‘news’ of the relatio, however, is not easy to capture in headlines, because it calls for a new mindset on the part of the Church. It is a mindset captured by the call in Evangelii Gaudium for a more ‘pastoral’ and ‘missionary’ approach.”

He points out: “There is (by Church standards) fiercely strong language, for example, in paragraph 40, calling for better care of what the document calls ‘wounded families’.”

“What rang out clearly in the synod was the necessity for courageous pastoral choices,” he said. “Reconfirming forcefully the fidelity to the Gospel of the family, the Synodal Fathers felt the urgent need for new pastoral paths, that begin with the effective reality of familial fragilities, recognising that they, more often than not, are more ‘endured’ than freely chosen.”


I am following this with great interest. I know of people who are in the most of the relational situations described above. I am looking to see how these "realities" are acknowledged by the Church without weakening the Church's teaching. We have seen in other denominations how "acceptance" has torn apart their doctrines and communities. Does this synod see us heading in a similar direction?